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Are wrongful convictions common?

On Behalf of | Oct 23, 2023 | CRIMINAL LAW - Criminal Defense

Wrongful convictions are, unfortunately, not rare in Oklahoma. A troubling fact is that many individuals have been wrongfully imprisoned, their lives irrevocably altered due to errors in the legal system.

These miscarriages of justice, while not unique to the state, highlight a pressing issue that deserves attention.

Inadequate evidence and eyewitness misidentifications

One common cause of wrongful convictions is the reliance on inadequate evidence. Often, cases have shaky foundations, such as flimsy eyewitness testimonies or circumstantial evidence that leaves room for doubt. Eyewitness misidentifications, in particular, have played a significant role in numerous cases of wrongful conviction. Witnesses may sincerely believe their testimony, but the human memory is susceptible to errors and biases.

False confessions and coerced statements

In some instances, individuals confess to crimes they did not commit. The pressure and tactics used during police interrogations can lead to false confessions. This problem intensifies due to the lack of safeguards to protect the rights of suspects. This can result in innocent individuals admitting guilt out of desperation or fear.

Forensic errors and misconduct

Errors in forensic analysis and misconduct within law enforcement agencies have also contributed to wrongful convictions. Inaccurate or biased forensic evidence can lead to the conviction of innocent individuals, as can the failure to disclose exculpatory evidence that might exonerate a defendant.

Recognizing the extent of the issue is the first step toward preventing wrongful convictions. While a wrongful conviction comes with stress and feeling like the system let you you down, it does not necessarily mean the end. In 2022, 233 exonerations occurred in the U.S.